Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics with the Course of Allergology and Occupational Pathology
The Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics with a Course of Allergology and Occupational Pathology was founded in 2006. The aim of the department was improvement of the efficiency of postgraduate training of physicians in the field of gerontology and geriatrics. In 2012, the department organized a new course on allergology and occupational pathology.
The department offers training courses for different healthcare professionals: geriatricians, therapists, general practitioners, cardiologists, neurologists
During the time of the department’s functioning, 4148 different medical specialists from our Republic and abroad underwent training courses.
The clinical base of the department is P. Masherov Clinical Hospital for Invalids of the Great Patriotic War. Academic work of the department is carried out at therapy and neurology units of the hospital; modern medical technologies used at the hospital, contribute to the successful preparation of geriatricians.
For the last 5 years, the lecturers of the department have undergone advanced training courses, organized by BelMAPE, and also and participated in different international congresses and conferences.
Annually, about 300 physicians of different specialties undergo training at the department. Advanced training courses are given on various problems (diagnostics, treatment and prevention of different diseases in elderly people).
For the period of 2006-2019, the staff of the department published 37 educational guidelines, 64 articles in journals of the Republic of Belarus, 12 articles in collections of scientific works, 262 reports’ theses in collections of conferences of the Republic of Belarus.
The department runs the annual republican conference dedicated to the Day of Elderly People, on the results of which the staff of the department edits and publishes conference information packages (there are 9 packages for the period of the department's existence).
The Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics and the Training Management Division of P. Masherov Republican Clinical Hospital for Invalids of the Great Patriotic War are the base for the Republican Gerontology Center (research guidance center on the issues of medical services rendered to veterans and elderly people). All specialists of the department take an active part in preparation of organizational and methodological materials for the work of the Republican Gerontology Center and Geriatric Services of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus, and consult patients.
The staff of the department takes promotes healthy lifestyle for elderly people in Belarus: specialists give lectures in classrooms and outside (Public University of Health Promotion and Creativity of Veterans - school of the Third Age, participation in shows on Belarusian TV and radio, publications in printed media).
History of the development of geriatric services in the Republic of Belarus
Ageing of population is one of the important issues of our century.
In the Republic of Belarus and in other countries, there is a process of population ageing. At present, in Belarus there are about 2 million people who are above 60 years old.
Elderly people have a greater need, in comparison with other demographic groups, in medical and social care. In this respect, there should be taken additional measures in further improvement of medical care rendered to people of elderly and senility age.
Our country carries out a certain work in this field, as is evidenced by the development history of geriatric services.
Geriatric services in Belarus appeared in 1979. The first part-time geriatrician of the Ministry of Health of Belarusian SSR was G.A.Vechersky, associate professor of the Department of Cardiology and Functional Diagnostics of Belarusian State Institute for Advanced Medical Training.
In 1987, M.S.Pristrom, an associate professor of the Department of Cardiology of Belarusian State Institute for Advanced Medical Training, became chief visiting geriatrician.
In November, 1991, the Ministry of Health of the Belarusian SSR made an Order №196 "About improvement of geriatric services and organization of nursing care hospitals or medical and social beds in clinical and preventive establishments of the Republic of Belarus". This document has become a basic one for further development of geriatric services. In accordance with this Order, all regions and the city of Minsk had chief visiting geriatricians.
Geriatric services started to develop more actively after the Council of the Ministers of the Republic of Belarus in 1993, had approved the Republican Complex Program on the Problems of Elderly People. Certain measures in the organization of geriatric care were taken. Every community-based medical organization had its own geriatrician. At the Scientific and Research Expertise Institute for Work Capacity and Work Organization of invalids there had been created a laboratory on the problems of elderly people, Republican Gerontology Center, which was headed by professor I.S.Gulko.
In 1996, Belarusian State Institute for Advanced Medical Training had a new department - Department of Geriatrics and Gerontology, - for training and retraining of specialists in geriatrics.
In 1997, head of this department, professor V.P.Syty, was appointed to the post of a chief visiting geriatrician of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus. It was his initiative to create Belarusian Public Association of Geriatricians and Gerontologists.
In April, 2001, Republican Complex Program on the Problems of Elderly People for the period 2001-2015, has come into force and was approved by the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus.
In accordance with the program, for better hospital care rendered to elderly people, additional medical-social beds have been given. There are 4 hospitals for Invalids of the Great Patriotic Work in Belarus with high-quality hospital medical care. Besides, multi-specialty hospitals have rooms of enhanced comfort for war veterans, where annually 45 thousand patients are treated.
For more effective medical services rendered to patients of elderly and senile age, there are special geriatric rooms which are considered to be centers of the promotion of healthy lifestyles, which have groups of self-healing, and where geriatricians consult elderly people.
Since April, 2004, professor A.V.Hapaliuk, head of the Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapy, was appointed to the post of the chief visiting geriatrician of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus.
In September, 2006, the Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics had been created again with a head V.E. Sushinsky, Candidate of Medical Sciences, who was appointed to the post of the chief geriatrician of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus. Since 2001, A.V.Baida, an associate professor, Candidate of Medical Sciences, has been working as head of the department.
There is the Republican Center of Gerontology in Belarus, which is evolved in research and methodological activities and renders medical care to veterans and elderly people. In some regions and in Minsk there are regional geriatric centers. Management and methodological activities of these centers are carried out by chief visiting geriatricians. There are about 180 geriatric rooms in the Republic of Belarus. All healthcare organizations have schools of the "Third age".
The clinical base of the Course of Allergology and Occupational Pathology is Minsk Clinical Hospital №10, which has 70 beds for patients with occupational diseases (10 beds) and allergic diseases (60 beds). The unit also admits patients with different kinds of allergy and therapy pathologies.
Another clinical base of the Course of Allergology and Occupational Pathology is Diagnostic Unit of Minsk Clinical Hospital №10.
The Department of Occupational Pathology was founded in 1961 at Minsk Clinical Hospital №2, where there were 15 beds in the Therapy Division. The first years of the department’s work were connected with the names of associate professor G. Zakharov, who chaired the course of occupational pathology at Belarusian State Institute for Advanced Medical Training, assistants V. Romanov and N. Skepyan, occupational pathologist L. Kantorovich. In 1963, the 5th Clinical Hospital became a clinical base of the occupational pathology course, where the Occupational Pathology Clinic was opened with outpatient and hospital divisions for 45 beds. The staff consisted from different specialties qualified in occupational pathology: physicians L. Gurin, V. Maslovskaya, N. Slavashevich, A. Sapelnikov and others; ophthalmologist Z. Potemkin; neurologists V. Belikov, L. Pershay and I. Baznikina; otorhinolaryngologists N. Korol, O. Trubnikova, O. Mineeva; radiologist T. Ivanova; toxicologists L. Mikhatskaya, Z. Alexandrova. The staff was actively resolving issues of diagnostics, treatment, prevention, working capacity test of occupational diseases. They studied health condition of workers who worked on the most significant enterprises of the Republic of Belarus. The department also studied health condition of specialists working at the biggest industrial plants of the Republic of Belarus: Minsk Automobile Plant, Peat Briquette Plant “Usyazh”, Soligorsk plants (Skepiyan), Polotsk Glass Fiber Plant (Zakharov, Platkov, Romanov, Belikov, Tsygankova, Ivanova), Orsha Linen Factory (Skepiyan, Gurin), Atomic Reactor in Sosny village (Kantorovich, Potemkina, Pershay, Korol), Svetlogorsk and Mogilev Rayon Plant (Pershay).
Since 1983 the department had been headed by Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor N.A.Skepyan, and in 1986, 10th City Clinical Hospital became clinical base of the department. In 1999, the course of occupational pathology was transferred into the Department of Allergology and Occupational Pathology. Since 2002, Tatiana Baranovskaya had been head of the department.
In 2012, the department was reorganized into the Course on Allergology and Occupational Pathology.
Organizational and methodological activities
The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus together with the department has created the Republican Center for Occupational Pathology and Allergology, which is headed by associate professor T.V.Baranovskaya.
The lecturers of the course are chief specialists of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus (chief visiting allergologist, chief visiting occupational therapist).
Specialists of the course
The Course of Allergology and Occupational Pathology offers training on allergology and immunology and occupational pathology for health professionals:
Also, advanced training courses are available for physicians:
The main forms of the courses: lectures, seminars, participation in scientific and clinical conferences. The lecturers use interactive educational techniques, work in small groups, innovative teaching methods and case studies.
Listeners participate in medical and expert commission meetings, get acquainted with modern diagnostic methods at centralized toxic-immunologic laboratory of 10th City Clinical Hospital and on other clinical bases of BelMAPE.
At present, specialists of the department are involved into the research work, dealing with:
Many specialists of the Course of Allergology and Occupational Pathology are members of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, European Respiratory Society, International Network of Medical Universities and Faculties of Postgraduate Medical Education on Molecular Allergology and Immunology (INUNIMAI).
Annually, specialists of the course participate in European and international congresses, schools, symposia, educational programs and internships, and also meetings of allergologists and immunologists of CIS-countries.