In 1995, Aleksandr Golovko graduated from Grodno State Medical Institute. From 1995 to 1997, he undertook a clinical residency course at Neurosurgery Unit of Scientific and Practical Institute of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Physiotherapy.
From 1997 to 1998, Aleksandr Golovko worked as a neurosurgeon at Minsk City Clinical Hospital № 5.
In 1998 Aleksandr Golovko started to work as a research worker at Neurosurgery Unit of Scientific and Research Institute of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Physiotherapy.
Since 2012, he has been working as an assistant at the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Belarusian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education (on a part-time basis).