Anna Romanova was born in the town of Irkutsk (Russia) in the family of employees. After the graduation from Minsk State Medical Institute in general medicine and after the internship in 1982, from 1983 to 1986, Anna Romanova worked as an obstetrician-gynecologist and head of the Maternity Unit of Vetka Central Regional Hospital. From 1986 to 2003, she worked as an obstetrician-gynecologist, head of the Gynecological Unit, deputy head physician of healthcare establishments in Surgut (Khanty-Mansiisk autonomous district). From 2003 to 2006, Anna Romanova worked as a director at State Educational Establishment «Surgut Medical College». In 2002, she defended her Candidate’s thesis.
In 2004, she graduated from the North-Western Academy of Public Administration on the specialty “State and Municipal Administration”. She is certified for the highest qualification category on the specialty "Leading worker" (2005), "lecturer" (2006), "obstetrics and gynecology" (2001) and the first qualification category on the specialty "Healthcare management" (2006). Since 2009, Anna Romanova had been working as a senior lecturer, associate professor of the Department of Public Health of Belarusian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education. In December 2010, she started to work as head of the Department of Public Health and Healthcare.
Her scientific interests are connected with the issues of healthcare management. She is an author of 24 publications, including 2 educational guides.
Anna Romanova was awarded with the Certificate of Honor of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation (2005).